Thursday, January 17, 2013

What is Acne? Lost Dreams.

What causes acne?
Sex hormones: Dermatologists (skin specialists) believe that acne is partly the result of the action of hormones on the skin's oil glands and the hair follicles. Increases in sex hormones called androgens that occur in both boys and girls during puberty. Androgens cause sebaceous glands to enlarge and make added sebum in hair follicles. It has been additionally believed that changes in hormone levels in adolescent girls and adult women 2 to 7 days pryer their menstrual period starts could worsen acne
Pregnancy: Hormonal changes connected to pregnancy or to starting or stopping use of birth control pills
Family history: Sometimes, acne occurs because of genetics i.e. when you are prone to it because of heredity
Bacteria: frequently bacteria called Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) could be present also, that could contribute to the redness, swelling and pus which could accompany lesions.
Drugs: Some medicines (e.g., some birth control pills, cortisone, dilantin)

Who is at risk of acne?
Teenagers: although acne is frequent in teen years, it may affect people of all ages. However, acne affects nearly all teens.
People with family history: If you have parents, grandparents or first / blood relatives with the history of acne, you are more vulnerable to the development of acne in your body as well
People at stress: People facing increased mental and / or physical stress are additionally at risk.
People using oil-based skin products: Oil from skin products (moisturizers or cosmetics) or grease encountered in the work environment could additionally make acne worse. Similarly, hot, humid climate and oily makeup also contributes greatly to the severity of the problem.
People using "pressure" products: pressure from sports helmets or equipment, backpacks, tight collars, or tight sports uniforms can develop the severity of acne
Those taking irritants or friction-causing stuff: Environmental irritants, such as pollution and high humidity, squeezing or picking at blemishes and hard scrubbing of the skin, all can lead to acute and severe type of acne

How acne occurs?
Acne occurs when the pores of the skin become clogged with oil. At puberty the oil glands through the skin begin producing an oily material called sebum. Bacteria become trapped in these pores and irritate the skin and hair follicle. The irritation around the plugged pore and hair follicle forms a red bump called acne. A black plug, or blackhead, is formed when the dead skin comes to the surface.

Signs & symptoms:
Spurred by inflammation of skin glands and of tiny, narrow canals through the skin known as hair follicles, acne is marked by pimples and other lesions.
The earliest lesion of acne is a plugging of the pores of the skin. It usually involves the face, and often the chest and back.Acnezine

treatment of acne
The form of treatment people with acne obtain depends on the severity of the outbreak. There are OTC products for mild cases, while a visit to a physical care professional such as a dermatologist may be in order for the more stubborn cases.
Medical treatment: People with moderate to severe inflammatory acne can be treated with prescription topical or oral medicines, alone or in combination. Similarly, people with nodules or cysts should be treated by a dermatologist
Types of prescription topical medicines taken to treat acne include antibiotics, benzoyl peroxide, azelaic acid, dapsone, and vitamin A derivatives known as retinoids.
OTC treatment: Topical OTC medicines are applied to the skin and come in many forms, including gels, lotions, creams, soaps, and pads. Typical OTC treatments for mild acne include benzoyl peroxide, resorcinol, salicylic acid, and sulfur.

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